What is High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure (HBP), also known as hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the pressure of blood in the arteries is elevated, if the pressure pushing against the wall of the arteries stays high over time, it can damage blood vessels and lead to serious conditions, such as: kidney failure, stroke, heart failure, coronary heart disease, and other health problems.
Many people believe that those with high blood pressure are hyperactive, nervous, or tense. However pressure of blood has no connection with personality traits. You can still have hypertension even if you are a calm person.
How to Determine High Blood Pressure?
Pressure of blood is summarized by two measurements, diastolic and systolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is relaxed between beats or contracting.
Normal pressure of blood when the heart is beating or Systolic (top reading) is within the range of 90–120mmHg.
Normal pressure of blood when the heart is relaxed or Diastolic (bottom reading) is within the range of 60–80mmHg.
>> High blood pressure is present if it is at or above 120/80 mmHg
The measurement of blood pressure both systolic and diastolic then divided into 4 stages to determine your health and the severity of high blood pressure.
Stage 2 Hypertension if the systolic reading is 160 mmHg and diastolic reading is 100 mmHg
Stage 1 Hypertension if the systolic reading is140 – 159 mmHg and diastolic reading is 90 – 99 mmHg
Prehypertension if the systolic reading is 120 – 139 mmHg and diastolic reading is 80 – 89 mmHg
Normal if the systolic reading is < 120 mmHg and diastolic reading is < 80 mmHg
Please keep in your mind that the ranges in the table only apply to adults (aged 18 and older) and the number may change over time depends on your situation. It lowers when you are sleeping or relaxing, but will rises when you are active, nervous, or excited. If your numbers stay above the normal ranges most of the time, then you may have a risk of high blood pressure.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Hypertension does not always cause symptoms, so that it is more difficult to be detected. However, in some cases there are some symptoms of hypertension that you can address, including:
- Chest pain
- Pale skin color
- Vision problems
In some case you may also experience these symptoms that indicate you are having a stroke:
- Severe headache
- Ringing in the ear
- Shortness of breath
These symptoms of HBP usually occur when patients are experiencing a “crisis” because their high blood pressure has reached dangerously high levels, so it is recommended to check your pressure of blood regularly to recognize the symptoms early.
High Blood Pressure Monitor
The only way to find out if you have hypertension or not is by checking your blood pressure. Buy a portable blood pressure monitor for your home can be a great way to get more accurate readings. Most people would be anxious in the hospitals and cause their blood pressure rise. The monitoring kits only show your real blood pressure when you are relaxed. It is also important to buy a reliable blood pressure monitor to give you accurate readings. You can check the link below to find products that meet your standards, it also provide comments from the buyers.
High Blood Pressure Treatments
There are several things you can do if you’re having symptoms of high blood pressure, including:
1. Exercise regularly
This will help accelerate blood circulation and strengthens the heart muscle in your body, but avoid exercise too hard because it can endanger your health. Running in the morning may be a good choice for you.
2. Eat a healthy diet
Fruits and vegetables are examples of healthy diet for you, so try to choose more healthy foods instead of junk foods.
3. Reduce sodium
Foods that contain lots of salt or sodium should be avoided because it can raise your blood pressure fast.
4. Avoid alcohol and smoking
If you want a healthy body, you should gradually eliminate this bad habit. Both of them are bad for your heart.
5. Reduce stress
Blood pressure is affected by the mind, so keep thinking stress is not good for your heart health. Try to take your spare time to relax or take a nap.