What is Hemoglobin A1C Test?
If you have diabetes and are wondering how well your treatment affects your body, then you can consider taking a hemoglobin A1C test for yourself. These tests will provide data about your blood sugar control over the last 2 to 3 months.
When your diabetes is not well controlled (it can also mean your blood sugar levels are too high), glucose will combine with hemoglobin and create a “glycated.” The average glucose levels can be determined by measuring the level of your hemoglobin A1C.
What does A1C Stand For?
A1C, hemoglobin A1C, HbA1c or glycated hemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that is used to measure the average plasma glucose concentration in your body.
So, A1C is not an acronym but the formula of a chemical compound. For example, water (H2O) or sulfur dioxide (SO2).
Normal Hemoglobin A1C Test
For healthy people (without diabetes) the normal range for hemoglobin A1C test is between 4% and 5.6%. The range between 5.7% and 6.4% showed an increased risk of diabetes (pre-diabetes) and higher than the 6.4% indicated that you have diabetes.
Normally, the goal for people with diabetes is to achieve a hemoglobin A1C test less than 7%. Higher results may indicate a higher risk of complications associated with diabetes.
For ease of understanding, you can see the table below:
How to Lower A1C Score
Diabetes can be a tough condition to manage. It is necessary for you to put your valuable time and efforts to get an improved quality of life. Your A1C score is a valuable information for your diabetes control plan. Following a healthy lifestyle is the key to achieving an ideal A1C score (below 7%)
Making these healthy changes can help you improve your quality of life and lower your A1C score:
- Eat healthy foods.
Healthy foods, such as vegetables, lean meat, fruits and complex carbohydrates like bread or potatoes are necessary for you. Besides being rich in nutrients for the health, they are also low in calories.
Also try avoid sugary sodas, and processed foods as much as possible. A dietitian may be able to help you to make a good diabetes diet plan.
- Exercise regularly.
Have a workout routine, like 30 minutes of exercise five days a week can help you lower and stabilize your blood sugar levels. In addition, you will feel more cheerful and become stronger.
- Lose weight.
High blood sugar commonly associated with obesity. If that happens to you, then try to lose weight. Consumption of foods low in fat but high in protein is the right choice to start your diet. Do not forget to add fresh vegetables, because they are rich in nutrients. Exercising regularly is also important to burn the excess fat in the body.