Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

   

Signs-and-Symptoms-of-DiabetesWhat is Diabetes?

Well, I can tell you that diabetes is an abnormality in the body which pancreas can not produce enough insulin to convert glucose (blood sugar) into energy. Some people even dub diabetes as “slow subtle killer” because you will feel little to no pain until it already too late for you.

As we have learned in elementary school, when you eat food, the body breaks down all carbohydrates and sugars into glucose. Insulin then take up glucose from the blood into the cells for use as energy.

   

The problem occurs when insulin can not enter cells because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Glucose ended accumulate in your bloodstream and it can lead to serious diabetes complications.

Many people like me wondering how can this be happened, but the experts believe the main reason is bad lifestyles.

What are The Symptoms of Diabetes?

Diabetes does not always show any symptoms, especially if you are at the stage of pre-diabetes. Some signs and symptoms of diabetes that you may need to pay attention, including:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Hunger
  3. Unexplained weight loss
  4. Frequent urination
  5. Increased thirst
  6. Blurred vision
  7. Slow-healing sores
  8. Frequent infections

These are the initial symptoms of diabetes and they do not always show that you have diabetes. So, you need to get yourself checked by a doctor for more accurate results.

If you do not care about it, long-term diabetes complications are waiting for you. Some of them include:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. Skin and mouth problems
  3. Kidney failure
  4. Bone and joint problems, including osteoporosis
  5. Foot damage (including infections that may require amputation) 😯
  6. Eye damage even blindness
  7. Nerve damage
  8. Stroke
  9. Heart disease

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes. For your information, your chances of developing this type of diabetes is very low. Only 5 to 10 out of 100 people will develop type 1 diabetes.

In type 1 diabetes, your body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually your body can no longer produce insulin. Without insulin, cells can not produce energy, and this is the reason why you always feel tired.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Fatigue
  • Hungry
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Urinating frequently
  • Very thirsty

Type 2 Diabetes

Another type is type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Unlike the previous, your chances of developing this type of diabetes is pretty high. 90 to 95 out of 100 people will develop type 2 diabetes :shock:.

In type 2 diabetes, your body still able to produce insulin but can not use it properly. The reason is insulin resistance in which your cells can not absorb insulin. As it gets worse, the pancreas produces less and less insulin.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Fatigue
  • Hungry
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Urinating frequently
  • Very thirsty
  • Numbness in feet.
  • Dry skin
  • Sores that heal slowly
  • Skin infections

Your healthy lifestyle also plays a big role to prevent type 2 diabetes and even fight it if you have pre-diabetes. Exercising regularly can be your ultimate lifestyle choice. Do exercise as little as 15 minutes a day can help you on improving insulin sensitivity.

Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

I know that it is hard to tell the differences between these two type diabetes, especially they are greatly increase a person’s risk for a range of serious complications, such as: stroke, heart disease and amputations

Finally, I hope the following table can be used as a rough guide for you to see the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. 🙂

Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
Not associated with excess body weightOften associated with excess body weight
Symptoms of diabetes usually start in childhood or young adulthoodUsually the disease is discovered in adulthood, but an increasing number of children are being diagnosed with the disease.
It cannot be prevented.It can be prevented or delayed with a healthy lifestyle, including eat healthy foods and exercising regularly.
Can only be controlled by taking insulinSometimes possible to come off diabetes medication
Episodes of low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) are common.There are no episodes of low blood sugar level, unless the person is taking certain diabetes medicines or insulin.

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