how-to-treat-the-fluSigns and Symptoms of the Flu

The flu or also known as influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by viruses. The flu is different from a cold. It can be hard to tell the difference because the symptoms can be similar.

The flu usually comes on suddenly and those people who have the flu often feel some of these symptoms:

  1. Nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea (most common in children)
  2. Warm, flushed skin and red, watery eyes
  3. Weakness or extreme fatigue
  4. Pain and tiredness around your eyes
  5. Aches in your muscles and joints
  6. A 100° F or higher fever
  7. Runny or stuffy nose
  8. Chills
  9. Sore throat
  10. Dry cough
  11. Headache

What Causes the Flu

Type C flu virus is a more stable variant and usually causes milder respiratory symptoms. Type A and B viruses are responsible for the large flu epidemics. Type B viruses circulate only among humans and Type A are found in many different animals, including seals, horses, whales, pigs, chickens, and ducks. The flu vaccine can help protect you from type A and B flu viruses, but not for type C virus.

How does the Flu Spread

The flu is a highly contagious disease. The flu virus is spread when you either inhale infected droplets when someone with the infection coughs, sneezes, talks, or when you pick up the germs from an object, such as: telephones, computer keyboards, television remotes, handles, or doorknobs then you touch your nose, eyes or mouth with your dirty hands.

The flu viruses are constantly changing. But if you've had influenza in the past, your body has already made antibodies to fight it and if in the future you get similar viruses to those you've encountered before, the antibodies may prevent infection or at least lessen its severity.

How to Prevent Getting the Flu

flu-shot1. Get Vaccinated

Get vaccinated maybe is the best way to prevent getting the flu. The vaccine is designed to protect you against flu strains, for example: the H1N1 "swine flu." So, make sure to get yourself vaccinated as soon as the vaccine is available.

Several types of flu vaccines:

Flu shot. Flu shot is a flu vaccine that contains a dead virus and administered by injection into the muscle and top layer of the skin.

Nasal spray vaccine. A nasal spray is a device that is used to deliver the vaccine into your nostrils. This method is approved for health people 2 through 49 years old and not pregnant.

2. Take Care of body hygiene

There are several ways you can do to help protect you from getting the flu, including:

  • Wash your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes with dirty hands
  • Avoid close contact with people that displaying symptoms, like sneezing or coughing
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a mask

3. Eat healthy food

4. Drink plenty of water

5. Get enough sleep and exercise

 How to Treat the Flu

The flu treatment that you should take depends on your health condition and the symptoms.


If you have an itchy, water eyes, or runny nose; then an antihistamine may be helpful. Antihistamines help relieve symptoms such as: nasal discharge, itching and sneezing.


If you have sinus or nasal congestion, then a decongestant is your best option to reduce swelling in the nasal passageways. However, it can not be used for long periods, and can cause rebound symptoms when you stop using it.

Keep in mind that both antihistamines and decongestants have side effects. Decongestants often make people hyper or keep them awake, whereas antihistamines can make people drowsy.

Antiviral medications.

There are five antiviral drugs approved for treating the flu in the United States, including:

  1. Peramivir (Rapivab)
  2. Rimantadine (Flumadine)
  3. Amantadine (Symmetrel)
  4. Zanamivir (Relenza)
  5. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)

They are approved for adults and children one year and older.


Normally, antibiotics only used to treat bacterial infections and not designed to against viral infections like the flu. However, some people have bacterial infections caused by or along with the flu, so they will need to take antibiotics. Please keep in mind to contact your favorite doctor if you think you will need antibiotics.

Ways to treat the flu or its symptoms without medication.

You can treat flu symptoms without medication by:

  1. Getting plenty of rest
  2. Drink gargling salt water to soothe a sore throat
  3. Putting a humidifier in your room to make breathing easier
  4. Placing a damp washcloth on your legs, arms, and forehead to reduce discomfort
  5. Covering up with a warm blanket to calm chills

Fitbit Charge HR Review

fitbit-charge-hr-plumThe Fitbit Charge HR is a great fitness tracker that helps monitor your sleep quality and wake you with a silent alarm. It is designed to track your steps, active minutes, floors climbed, calories burned, distance and heart rate continuously.

You can also see time of day, daily stats and call notifications on the OLED display. It tracks your activities for 24 hours a day, even when you are sleeping. You can even sync it to your phone. The Fitbit Charge HR may looks like the older Fitbit bands, but it more powerful.

Fitbit Charge HR is certainly a great device to motivate people to exercise more. They made a simple game of it. Reach a goal, get a reward, share it with your friends, and compete.

FitBit Charger HR’s features:

  • 24/7 heart rate tracker monitors workout intensity and calorie burn
  • Continuous, wrist-based heart-rate tracking
  • Sync stats wirelessly
  • Set goals and see progress
  • Sleek, comfortable design
  • Access real-time stats
  • See call notifications
  • Bright OLED display
  • Sleep monitoring
  • Pedometer
  • Available in two colors: Black or Plum


The Charge HR looks nearly identical to the discontinued Fitbit Force before it. It has an OLED display that displays steps, time, and other data. You just need to press the side button to see anything on the display. The strap attaches with a standard watch buckle-type clasp, making it less likely to pop off. At the bottom, you can see an optical heart-rate monitor with green LEDs. The Charge HR comes in two colors; plum and black. It comes in two sizes, too; large and small. It comes with its own USB dongle for charging.

Heart beat

Once attached on your wrist, the Fitbit Charge HR immediately gather the heart-rate data and it does it all the time. Combined with a built-in barometer and accelerometer to measure steps, and distance travelled, while the heart-rate sensor constantly records beats per minute.

This heart-rate technology is known as Pure Pulse and available on both the FItbit Charge HR and Fitbit Surge. In theory, heart rate combined with other sensors can provide a fuller picture of a person’s health.

Call notifications

The Fitbit Charge HR provide call notifications from a smartphone by vibrating and displaying the caller ID on the screen. The app is available for Windows Phone, iOS and Android.

With this you can wirelessly syncs your smartphone with the Fitbit Charge HR over Bluetooth. You can also sync it with your PC using a USB Bluetooth dongle that provided in the box.

The app


The Fitbit Charge HR’s app is simple and very easy to use, and it is available for Windows Phone, iOS and Android users. When you open the app, you will get the information about your data, including stairs climbed, calories burned, distance travelled, heart rate data and total steps.

With this feature you can see your active minutes, which is the amount of time where your heart rate elevated. The metric can also be tapped to show historical data. You can try to beat certain goals and get rewards. Share and then compete with your friends. I think it is a great idea to stay motivated.

Sleep tracking

fitbit-charge-hr-sleep-trackerAs we mentioned, sleep tracking is now performed automatically on the Fitbit Charge HR, which means no more missed nights of sleep. On the Fitbit Charge HR, sleep tracking is now run automatically, so it means no more missed data. The results are easy to understand, the blue block is your sleep duration and the total time is displayed below it. There are also vertical lines that mark when you turn or toss.

The only drawback in my opinion, it is not designed to designate light or deep sleep like other sleep trackers.

The advantages:

  1. Vibration alarms
  2. Comfortable supple band
  3. Sleek, modern minimal design
  4. Call notification

The disadvantages:

  1. No text notifications
  2. Not waterproof
  3. Heart-rate data erratic

Fitbit Charge HR Wireless Activity Wristband, Plum, Large (Health and Beauty)

List Price:$149.95 USD
New From:$149.00 USD In Stock
Used from: Out of Stock

Fitbit Charge HR Wireless Activity Wristband, Plum, Small (Health and Beauty)

List Price:$149.95 USD
New From:$145.34 USD In Stock
Used from: Out of Stock
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